Hussein Kalout: “Joe Biden’s government will not immediately hostile to Brazil”

 Hussein Kalout: “Joe Biden’s government will not immediately hostile to Brazil”

.Hussein Kalout: Photo: CedocHussein Kalout is one of the most prestigious political scientists in Brazil. In his usual columns in the newspaper O Estado de S. Paulo, the professor of International Relations and researcher at Harvard University strongly criticizes the foreign policy of President Jair Bolsonaro. “We are isolated in our own region, in South America, the relationship with Western Europe is extremely affected and the perception of Brazil today in the multilateral system is negative,” he said in an exclusive interview with Perfil.”All this is the result of an ideological vision of the world, a very distant vision of what our doctrinal corollary of foreign policy has advocated over two centuries,” adds the former Special Secretary for Strategic Affairs of the Brazilian Presidency.– What will be Joe Biden’s foreign policy towards Brazil?– Biden has bigger concerns than South America and Brazil. His government has to fight the pandemic, restructure the economy and cool down the social tension produced by the electoral process. Obviously, he also has an external task. The United States’ international partnerships are deteriorating. Its starting point will be the reconstruction of the transatlantic relationship with the European powers. Secondly, it will seek a different approach to containing China. There is clearly a consensus among Democrats and Republicans that China’s power needs to be contained. What will change is the format of that containment. The Republicans have made a direct confrontation through a trade war. They put the countries before a binary choice: China or the US. The Democrats seek to contain China, but recognise that the relationship of interdependence between China and the US is very large. The goal of the Democratic strategy is to make China behave according to the rules. That will obviously give a geostrategic advantage to the United States and its allies. Third, there’s the relationship with Russia. In the view of the Democratic strategists, Trump had a complacent relationship with Vladimir Putin, creating a power vacuum that Russia ended up occupying. After Europe, China and Russia, there is the multilateral issue. Biden will put the United States back into the multilateral system, which will make the country stronger. Every time they acted in a coordinated way in the multilateral system, they were strengthened. When they violated the principles of the multilateral system, they were weakened. Beginning with the U.S. return to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Paris Agreement, the multilateral issue will be a very important point in Biden’s foreign policy. Finally, the fifth issue will be the environment. The objective of the Biden government is to conduct an environmental agenda focused on the economy
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